Elaboration of mezcal | Distillation

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Elaboration of mezcal

Distillation

The separation of volatile from the nonvolatile substances in tepache comes from the fermentation stage, this is what is known as distillation. In Tepache are found solid (non-volatile) and liquid (volatile) matter which must be separated by distillation. In the liquid part are found alcohols, ketones, ethers, etc. In the solid part are found fats, minerals, fibers, etc.

By submitting Tepache to heat it causes the evaporation of alcohol and impurities, leaving it separated from the solid materials. If these gases are collected and returned to their natural state, an alcohol is obtained that in the case of agave is called mezcal in states with Designation of Origin.

The distillation process is carried out in a still, several theories explain the use of the still for distilling the fermented agave, although two are the best known, one mentions that it was the Spaniards (who inherited it from the Arabs) who introduced it to our territory and one theory holds that the Filipinos were the ones who introduced the Chinese still. Several types of stills exist but all do the same, distil.

Elaboration of mezcal

Distillation

The result of the distillation of tepache is mezcal as mentioned. After obtaining the mezcal, its alcohol content must be adjusted to achieve the exact degree that is required according to the requirements of the bottler, or as deemed appropriate by the mezcalero Master. This adjustment can be carried out using the tails and tips of the mezcal. The part that is obtained first in the distillation is the tip, it contains higher % Alc. Vol. than the part of the end, called tail. There are mixes of tips, that are certainly a treat and contrary to what one may think when drinking a mezcal over 70% Alc. Vol., are amazing.

The elaboration of mezcal is purely traditional, artisanal and an organic process, developed by people who have received the knowledge from generation to generation by word and practice. The mezcalero Teachers and everyone involved in the production of mezcal are people who are born, grown and live with everything that involves mezcal. So mezcal is clearly something created with the heart of its producers and we must take into account to appreciate every sip.